The objective of scaling and root planing is to remove harmful factors that can cause inflammation of the gum and surrounding bone. Common etiologic factors removed by this conventional gum treatment include dental tartar and plaque. Doctors Network has streamlined the process of scheduling an appointment with a periodontist or dentist near you who takes your insurance.
These non-surgical procedures which thoroughly cleanse the periodontium, work miraculously for individuals suffering from gingivitis or gum inflammation and moderate to severe periodontal disease.
Why you might need scaling/root planing
Scaling and root planing can be used as a prophylactic measure as well as a stand-alone service. This procedure is performed as a preventative measure for patients suffering from periodontal disease.
These are some reasons why these dental procedures may be needed:
- Aesthetic effects
Deep teeth cleaning helps clean off tartar and plaque from tooth roots and below the gumline. As an added bonus, if superficial stains are present on the teeth, they will be removed during the process of the scaling and root planing procedure.
- Tooth protection
When gingival pockets are deeper than 3mm, there is a greater risk of periodontal disease. As gum pockets deepen, they house more colonies of dangerous bacteria. Eventually, an inflammatory response by blood cells begins to damage gum and jaw bone tissue which may lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is the main etiology of tooth loss in the developed world.
- Disease prevention
The anaerobic bacteria that cause periodontal infections can travel in the blood to other organs of the body. Research has shown that heart disease and infections have been linked to periodontal bacteria. Deep cleaning removes these bacteria and stops gum disease from progressing, thus preventing the bacteria from infecting other parts of the body.
- Better breath
One of the most detectable symptoms of periodontal disease is bad breath. Food and bacteria can cause a foul odor in the mouth which can be alleviated with procedures such as deep cleaning.
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What does deep cleaning entail?
Scaling and root planing treatments are performed after a thorough exam of the mouth and teeth. Your dentist, will take dental X-rays, perform visual examinations, and make a clinical diagnosis before recommending or beginning the scaling and root planing procedures.
Based on the current condition of the gingival, the extent of tartar present, the gingival pocket depths, and the degree of the periodontal disease, local anesthesia may be administered.
This treatment is usually performed using special dental instruments and can include an ultrasonic scaling device. The scaling tool removes tartar and plaque from the enamel surfaces and root surfaces. Most of the time, the scaling device includes an irrigation process that can be used to deliver an antimicrobial agent below the gums to reduce oral bacteria.
This procedure is a specific treatment that serves to remove the cementum and surface dentin that is embedded with unwanted microorganisms, toxins, and tartar. The root surface of the tooth is literally smoothed in order to promote healing. Having clean, smooth root surfaces prevents microorganisms from colonizing in the future.
Following this deep cleaning procedure, the periodontal pockets may be treated with antibiotics. This will alleviate inflammation and irritation and help the gums to heal faster.
During the next visit, the New York dentist or hygienist will thoroughly examine the gums again to see how well they have healed. If the pockets still measure more than 3mm in depth, additional treatments may be suggested.
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